There are three types of car drive: front, rear and full. The type of drive affects which wheels of the vehicle are driving it. The characteristics of the car and the features of its control largely depend on this characteristic.
Information about the type of drive must be indicated in the documentation for your vehicle. Read them carefully and find the mention of the type of drive. If the documents are not available at the moment, use other methods.
Most four-wheel drive vehicles have a “4WD”, “AWD” (all wheel drive) or “4x4” badge on the tailgate or rear fender. Try to find them.
In all four-wheel drive vehicles, there is always another lever in the cabin next to the gearshift knob. He is responsible for shifting the transfer case. This lever has several positions. The most common:
- “N” - neutral position when none of the bridges is connected;
- “2H” - rear axle drive is on;
- “4L” - four-wheel drive with a low range is included;
- “4H” - four-wheel drive is on.
Such a lever is present even if the car is not equipped with permanent all-wheel drive. The positions of the four-wheel drive control stick can be as follows:
- "LL" - low speed;
- “H” - high speed;
- “HL” - high speed with activated center differential lock;
- “N” - neutral position.
If your car does not have these handles, it is quite easy to determine which type of drive it has, front or rear. Try to get under way as hard as possible. Then see which wheels have slipped in place. If the rear ones, then they are the leading ones on this car, i.e. the car will be rear wheel drive.
In addition, the manner of movement of the car is also different. On a slippery road, the nose of a rear-wheel drive vehicle skids. This makes driving such vehicles dangerous during the winter season. However, rear-wheel drive cars accelerate better, which is why almost all race cars are rear-wheel drive.